COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST
— Band Six —
(6 TSH 2)
注 意 事 项
一、 将自己的校名、 姓名、 准考证号写在答题卡上， 将本试卷代号(A、 B卷)划在答题卡上。
二、 试卷和答题卡均不得带出考场。考试结束， 监考员收卷后考生才可离开。
四、 多项选择题的答案一定要划在答题卡上， 凡是写在试卷上的答案一律无效。每题只能选一个答案; 如多选， 则该题无分。选定答案后， 用铅笔在相应字母的中部划一条横线。正确方法是： [A] [B] [C] [D]
五、 如果要改动答案， 必须先用橡皮擦净原来选定的答案， 然后再按上面的规定重新答题。
六、 试题的第四部分改错(Error Correction)和第五部分作文(Writing)印刷在答题卡上， 请用黑色字迹签字笔在答题卡上作答。
七、 在90分钟内做完试题的第一至第四部分。90分钟后， 监考员收取试卷， 然后考生再做第五部分作文题， 答题时间为30分钟。全部考试时间为120分钟， 不得拖延时间。
八、 在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密。若被他人抄袭， 一经发现， 后果自负。
Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Studying Abroad. You should write at least 150 words based on the chart and outline given below:
1. 近几年来选择出国留学的人越来越多， 理由是……
2. 也有人持不同意见， ……
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
The world was stunned by the news in the summer of 1995, when a British embryologist named Ian Wilmut, and his research team, successfully cloned Dolly the sheep using the technique of nucleartransfer. Replacing the DNA of one sheep’s egg with the DNA of another sheep’s the team created Dolly. Plants and lower forms of animal life have been successfully cloned for many years, but before Wilmut’s announcement, it had been thought by many to be unlikely that such a procedure could be performed on larger mammals and life forms. The world media was immediately filled with heated discussions about the ethical implications of cloning.
Some of the most powerful people in the world have felt compelled to act against this threat. President Clinton swiftly imposed a ban on federal funding for human-cloning research. Bills were put in the works in both houses of Congress to outlaw human cloning because it was deemed as a fundamentally evil thing that must be stopped. But what, exactly, is bad about it? From an ethical point of view, it is difficult to see exactly what is wrong with cloning human beings. The people who are afraid of cloning tend to assume that someone would, for example, break into Napoleon’s Tomb, steal some DNA and make a bunch of emperors. In reality, infertile people who use donated sperm, eggs, or embryos would probably use cloning. Do the potential harms outweigh the benefits of cloning? From what we know now, they don’t. Therefore, we should not rush placing a ban on a potentially useful method of helping infertile, genetically at-risk, homosexual, or single people to become parents.
Do human beings have a right to reproduce? No one has the moralright to tell another person that they should not be able to have children, and I don’t see why Bill Clinton has that right either. If humans have a right to reproduce, what right does society have to limit the means? Essentially all reproduction done these days is with medical help at delivery, and even before. Truly natural human reproduction would make pregnancy-related death the number one killer of adult women.
Some forms of medical help are more invasive than others. With in-vitro fertilization, the sperm and egg are combined in a lab and surgically implanted in the womb. Less than two decades ago, a similar concern was raised over the ethical issues involving “test-tube babies”. Today, nearly 30,000 such babies have been born in the United States alone. This miracle has made many parents happy. So what principle says that one combination of genetic material in a flask is acceptable, but not another?
Nature clones people all the time. Approximatelyone in 1000 births is an identical twin. However, despite how many or how few individual characteristics twins have in common, they are still different people. They have their own identities, their own thoughts, and their own rights. They enter different occupations, get different diseases, and have different experiences with marriage, alcohol, community leadership, etc. Twins have different personalities as would cloned individuals. Even if someone cloned several Napoleons, each would be different and even more unique than twins; the cloned child would be raised in a different setting. Therefore, cloning does not rob individuals of their personality.
Perhaps the strongest ethical argument against cloning is that it could lead to a new, unfamiliar type of family relationship. We have no idea what it would be like to grow up as the child of parents who seem to know you from the inside. Some psychological characteristics may be biologically, or genetically, based. The parent would know in advance what crises a cloned teenager could go through and how he or she will respond. Because the parents may understand what the child is going through, to greater degree than most parents, it may produce a good and loving relationship in the long run. On the other hand, most children want to have their own space. Simply because a family relationship is new and untried is no reason to automatically condemn it. In the past, many types of family relationships were considered harmful, but later showed to cause no harm to the children. Among these is joint custody after divorce, gay and lesbian parenting, and interracial adoption. As with adoption, in-vitro fertilization, and the use of donor sperm, how the child will react to the news about his or her arrival in this world will depend on how the parents feel about their mode of reproduction. Parents and children may adjust to cloning far more easily than we might think, just as it happened with in-vitro fertilization.
One recurring image in anti-cloning propaganda is of some evil dictator raising an army of cloned warriors. But who is going to raise such an army. Clones start out life as babies. It is much easier to recruit young adults than to take care of babies for twenty years. Remember that cloning isn’t the same as genetic engineering. No one can make another superman and his super powers might have a slim chance of being genetically determined, but nothing is certain.
Some might think that cloning is playing God. However, can you really say that you know God’s intentions? There is substantial disagreement as to what God’ s will is. Armstrong wrote, aoyone who has truly proved that God exists, that God isn’t only Creator, but Life-giver, Designer, Sustainer, and Ruler over all his creation, knows that the human family began with one man, and that together with him a wife, miraculously created from his own body and as unique and original a creation as Adam himself, formed the first family. Though God’s miraculous creation of Eve was far from cloning, it is interesting to note in passing that God’s own Word says He used Adam’s rib-physical bone and tissue - to create Eve.?
Another argument against cloning is that it would only be available to the wealthy and, therefore, would increase social inequality. What else is new? This is the story of American health care. We need a better health care system, not a ban on new technologies. Hopefully our new president will help us with this problem as well.
The U.S. Federal Government should not deem human cloning and cloning research illegal. It may provide a way for completely sterile or homosexual individuals to reproduce, and will probably provide valuable basic research and possible spin-off technologies related to reproduction and development. Our society has respected general rights to control one’s body regarding reproduction, and finally prohibiting it would violate the fundamental freedom of scientific inquiring.
Will human cloning be done? Undoubtedly. The technique used in sheep cloning does not require a highly sophisticated laboratory. Since the United States government does not support research on human cloning, and the United Kingdom, France, and Germany have banned it, the research making cloning possible may take place in Asia, Eastern Europe, or the East. Much cloning may also take place in secret, and will occur regardless of United States policies. Approximately eighty percent of Americans feel that cloning is wrong. However, the vast majority of people, including those who rail against cloning research, owe their lives to previous medical discoveries. Don’t let the forces of ignorance and fear turn us away from new types of research.
1. What kind of cloning had been practiced for many years by the time of Dolly was cloned?
A) Cloning large mammals and life forms C) Cloning plants and large mammals
B) Cloning plants and lower forms of life D) Cloning all kinds of life forms
2. How much do we know about the potential harm about cloning?
A) All of harms C) 80 percent
B) About Half D) A small portion
3. What make pregnancy-related death to be the number one killer of adult women?
A) Truly natural human reproduction C) All reproduction process
B) Cloning D) Medical therapy
4. How long was the “test-tube babies” practiced in our world?
A) One hundred years C) Less than two decades
B) Fifty years D) More than two decades
5. With in-vitro fertilization, what are combined in a lab and surgically implanted in the womb?
A) the sperm and egg C) the gene of twins
B) cloned gene D) genetical embryo
6. In the long run, producing a good and loving relationship by____.
A) the parents understanding of what the child is going through
B) the parents’ good personaliy
C) the cloned childs’ character
D) the cloned childs’ responses
7. Compared with cloning human and bringing them up as an army, it would be much cheaper to ____.
A) recruit young adults C) recruit cloned warriors
B) recruit cloned people D) recruit middle-aged people
8. Some worry that human cloning as a potential privilege for the rich might contribute to _____.
9. The illegalization of human cloning by the government may erase the hope of people like ______.
10. Since human cloning can not be done in the U.S., the U.K., France and Germany, researchers can still conduct their researches in Asia, Eastern Europe, or the East, or in ______.
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A) Play in the tournament C) Watch a movie
B) Have dinner with the man D) Go to the tennis court
12. A) Get a key C) Study in his neighbor’s apartment
B) Borrow some books D) Introduce the woman to his neighbor
13. A) See a doctor C) Avoid taking any medication
B) Buy a different kind of medicine D) Take a second pill
14. A) The woman should have studied French in Paris
B) Living in Paris helped improve the woman’s language skills
C) The woman studied French in high school
D) The woman must have had a good French teacher
15. A) Stay in the dorm C) Find out the cost of living in the dorm
B) Ask for a reduction in her rent D) Move into an apartment with a roommate
16. A) Give the woman more time to write her paper.
B) Refuse to accept the woman’s paper
C) Let the woman change the topic of her paper
D) Visit the woman in the hospital
17. A) He thinks the woman should be in the play
B) He plans to sing a song at the audition
C) He is not interested in performing with the drama club
D) He thinks the woman should invite someone
18. A) Find out when the plane is leaving C) Go with her to the airport
B) Make the phone call now D) Talk to her for a short time
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) in the professor’s office C) in a campus cafeteria
B) in grant hall D) in a classroom
20. A) half of the time allowed C) a quarter of the time allowed
B) twice of the time allowed D) less than the time allowed
21. A) National competitions won’t give you any subjects
B) National competitions will be more flexible to prepare
C) National competitions will be easy.
D) National competitions will give you more time.
22. A) matter of the speech C) manner of presentation
B) method of delivery D) managementof time
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A) 15 seconds C) 50 minutes
B) 50 seconds D) 15 minutes
24. A) He doesn’t like scary movies but likes to take advantage of them
B) He adores scary movies and likes to watch them with pretty girls
C) He hates scary movies and never watches them with girls
D) He doesn’t like scary movies but likes to comfort girls
25. A) Description of certain scenes C) The plotline of the scary movie
B) Where the movie is produced D) The woman’s attitude toward scary movies
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A) Northwest Tanzania C) The Eastern part of the African continent
B) East Tanzania D) The Western part of the African continent
27. A) Its height C) Its peak
B) Its snow D) Its tourism
28. A) Mount Kilimanjaro is in the middle of Cairo and Cape Town.
B) Hemmingway described the mountain’s ice fields as great, high and unbelievablewhite in the sun.
C) The glaciers serve as the drinking and farming water for the entire continent.
D) Kilimanjaro’s Snowcap could be gone by the year 2020.
29. A) Farming C) Deforestation
B) Location D) Global warming
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. A) Unanimous C) Reluctant
B) Difficult D) Complicated
31. A) Starbucks had stayed in Forbidden City for 7 years before it was closed.
B) The protest campaignstarted recently.
C) The protest argued that Starbucks trampled over the Chinese culture
D) Chinese authorities invited Starbucks to Forbidden City
32. A) To meet the tourists’ curiosity C) To trample Chinese culture
B) To put up a sign for the upcoming Olympics D) To introduce good Cappuccino.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. A) Attending lectures C) Doing experiments
B) Writing essays D) Debating a point
34. A) Passive learning C) TV viewing
B) Tape recorders D) Impassionate professors
35. A) Passive learners tend to capture every word of what the professors say.
B) The average rate of listening comprehension is around 500 words per minute.
C) Watching TV helps students to focus.
D) anticipation of the speaker’s proceeding points can improve the skill of taking notes.
Section C Compound Dictation
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are requiredto fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Scientists have (36)__________ three main causes of anorexia. Experts (37)__________ the rise in cases of anorexia to the pressure in our society to be thin. The media constantly (38)__________ us with images of thin people as ideals. Fat-free products and diet aids have become (39)__________ industries. (40)_____________________________________________________________.
The second major factor in causing anorexia is the (41)__________ of the victim. Many of them are overachievers or (42)__________. They excel in school and a variety of (43)__________ activities. Anorexics see being thin as a way to please others. (44)_______________________________________ ____________________________________.
Thirdly, when anorexics don’t eat, they experience a rise in their level of (45)_________, natural brain chemicals that produce a sense of happiness. When anorexicsdo eat, their bodies produce higher than normal levels of a certain brain chemical that causes a sense of anxiety. (46) ____________________ ______________________________________________________________.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions：In this section， there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words on Answer Sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
Many parents who welcome the idea of turning off the TV and spending more time with the family are still worried that without TV they would constantly be on call as entertainers for their children. They remember thinking up all sorts of things to do when they were kids. But their own their kids seem different, less resourceful, somehow. When there’s nothing to do, these parents observe regretfully, their kids seem unable to come up with anything to do besides turning on the TV.
One father, for example, says, “When I was a kid, we were always thinking up things to do, projects and games. We certainly never complained in an annoying way to our parents, ‘I have nothing to do!’” He compares this with his own children today:”They’re simply lazy. If someone doesn’t entertain them, they’ll happily sit there watching TV all day.”
There is one word for this father’s disappointment: unfair. It is as if he were disappointed in them for not reading Greek though they have never studied the language. He deplores (哀叹) his children’s lack of inventiveness, as if the ability to play were something innate (天生的) that his children are missing. In fact, while the tendency to play is built into the human species, the actual ability to play—to imagine, to invent, to elaborate on reality in a playful way—and the ability to gain fulfillment from it, these are skills that have to be learned and developed.
Such disappointment, however, is not only unjust, it is also destructive. Sensing their parents’ disappointment, children come to believe that they are, indeed, lacking something, and that this makes them less worthy of admiration and respect. Giving children the opportunity to develop new resources, to enlarge their horizons and discover the pleasures of doing things on their own is, on the other hand, a way to help children develop a confident feeling about themselves as capable and interesting people.
47. According to the passage, without TV, their children would like their parents to be ______________.
48. Many parents think that, instead of watching TV, their children should ______________.
49. The reason why it is unfair that the father often blames his children for not being able to entertain themselves is that the children should ______________.
50. When parents show constant disappointment in their children, the destructive effect is that the children will lose ______________.
51. Developing children’s self-confidence helps bring them up to have a strong feeling of ______________.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 52 to 56 based on the following passage.
The banking revolution in America is as much about attitudes and assumptions as about size and structure. For century, Americans have distrusted banks. In the 1830s, Andrew Jackson denounced and destroyed the Second Bank of the United States, which existed “to make the rich richer” at the expense of “farmers, mechanics and labours.” In the 1930s, banks were blamed for helping cause the Depression. The wonder, then, is that the latest wave of bank mergers—the largest ever—has inspired little more than a bewilderedand, perhaps, irritated shrug from the public.
As banks grow bigger, they seem less fearsome. Why? The answer is that banks have shrunk in power even as they have expanded in size. Traditionally, banking has been a simple business. Deposits come through one door, loans go out through another. Profits derive from the “spread” between interest rates on deposits and loans. If savers and borrowers cannot go elsewhere, banks are powerful. And if there are other choices, banks are less powerful. And so it is.
We inhabit an age of superabundant credit and its purveyors. A century ago, matters were different. Small depositors could choose from only one or several local banks; getting a loan meant winning the good graces of the neighborhood banker. Even big corporations depended on a few big banks or investment houses.
John Reed or Hugh McColl—the heads of Citicorp and Nations Bank—are not household names. In 1900, J. P. Morgan was. As head of J. P. Morgan & Co., he controlled—through stock and position on corporateboards—a third of U.S. railroads and 70 percent of the steel industry. A railroad executive once cheerfully confessed his dependence on Morgan’s capital: “If Mr. Morgan were to order me tomorrow to Siberia…I would go.”
No bankers today inspire such awe or fear. Time, technology and government restrictions weakened bank power. In the 1920s, auto companies popularized car loans. National credit cards originatedin 1950 with the Dinners Club card. In 1933, the Glass-Steagal Act required banks and their investment houses to split. After World War Ⅱ, pensions and the stock market competed for consumer savings. As a result, banks command a shrinking share of the nation’s wealth: 20 percent of assets of financial institutions in 1997, down from 50 percent in 1950.
52. Traditionally, Americans’ attitude towards banks is one of______.
A) suspicion C) dependence
B) trust D) admiration
53. Why are John Reed and Hugh McColl not as well-known as J. P. Morgan?
A) John Reed and Hugh McColl are not as rich as J. P. Morgan.
B) Banks are no longer as powerful as they were in J. P. Morgan’s time.
C) John Reed and Hugh McColl are not as capable as J. P. Morgan was.
D) The banks John Reed and Hugh McColl head are smaller than Morgan’s.
54. The word “spread” (Line 3, Para 2) most probably means______.
A) cover C) difference
B) extent D) degree
55. Which of the following statements is true?
A) The recent bank mergers have given much shock to the nation.
B) People no longer distrust banks.
C) No bank today can compare with J. P. Morgan’s in size.
D) It is easier to borrow money today than it was in the past.
56. What does the author chiefly talk about in the passage?
A) Banking and investment. C) The evolution of the banks.
B) The credit market. D) The shrinking power of the banks.
Questions 57 to 61 based on the following passage.
Since the first brain scanner was constructed several years ago, computed tomography or computed medical imagery, has become fairly widely used. Its rapid acceptance is due to the fact that it has overcome several of the draw backs of conventional X-ray technology.
To begin with, conventional two-dimensional X-ray pictures cannot show all of the information contained in a three-dimension object. Things at different depths are superimposed, causing confusion to the viewer. The computer is able to reconstruct pictures of the body’s interior by measuring the varying intensities of X-ray beams passing through sections of the body from hundreds of different angles. Such pictures are based on series of thin “slices”.
In addition, conventional X-ray generally differentiates only between bone and air, as in the chest and lungs. They cannot distinguish soft tissues or variations in tissues. The liver and pancreas are not discernible at all, and certain other organs may only be rendered visible though the use of radiopaque dye. Since computed tomography is much more sensitive, the soft tissues of the kidneys or the liver can be seen and clearly differentiated. This technique can also accurately measure different degrees of X-ray absorption, facilitating the study of the nature of tissue.
A third problem with conventional X-ray methods is their inability to measure quantitatively the separate densities of the individual substances through which the X-ray has passed. Only the mean absorption of all the tissues is recorded. This is not a problem with computed tomography. It can accurately locate a tumor and subsequentlymonitor the progress of radiation treatment, so that in addition to its diagnostic capabilities, it can play a significant role in therapy.
57. Conventional X-rays mainly show the difference between ______.
A) bone and air C) muscle and other body tissues
B) liver and pancreas D) heart and lungs
58. What kind of view is made possible by contiguous cross sections of the body?
A) Two-dimensional C) Animated
B) Three-dimensional D) Intensified
59. It can be inferred from the passage that, compared to conventional X-ray techniques, computed tomography is more ______.
A) compact C) economical
B) rapid D) informative
60. What is the author’s attitude toward this new technique?
A) Cautions C) Enthusiastic
B) Tolerant D) Critical
61. According to the passage, computed tomography can be used for all of the following EXCEPT ______.
A) monitoring a patient’s disease C) locating tumors
B) diagnosing disorders D) reconstructing damaged tissues
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
In late 1993, a handful of Toyota’s top engineers and designers were charged with a task: create a 62 new automobile for the 21st century. Even as U.S. consumers were falling in love 63 the gas-guzzling SUV, Toyota’s brain trust felt that growing environmental 64 would exert demand for low 65 automobiles. The team toyed with producing an improved conventional gasoline car, but 66 the idea as insufficientlyrevolutionary. Instead, they decided on a gasoline-electric 67 : what would become the Prius. “We had to 68 something completely original,” says Satoshi Ogiso, executive chief engineer for Toyota’s product-planning division. “We’d have to build it from 69 , blueprint and all.”
70 planned than done. Ogiso’s 10-person team ultimately 71 to thousands (five of them, including Ogiso, center, are pictured here). The biggest 72 was the battery — too small and it would lack power, too large and it would overheat. In 1995, the first prototype ran for 330 ft. (100 m) before going dead. But Toyota became the world’s No. 1 car company on the strength of its monozukuri, or manufacturing vision, and by October 1997 the first Prius was 73 in Japan. It went on to sell over 800,000 units worldwide, gilding Toyota’s corporate image and
74 as the foremost status symbolof the green consumer 75 . “There are people who want to do good, 76 people who want everyone else to know they do good,” says Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis. “The genius of the Prius is that it 77 both.”
The Prius has been dismissed— 78 by its trailing American competitors — as a triumph of marketing rather than technology. But it would be a mistake to 79 its impact — or the skill of the engineers who built it. “Corporate engineers usually get 80 because we wonder if all the hard work is 81 ,” says Ogiso. “But this was a project worthy of the challenges and the difficulties.” It’s the Toyota way — and as the need for innovation grows, perhaps the way ahead for all of us.
62.A) completely C) contemporarily
B) furiously D) progressively
63.A) to C) with
B) in D) for
64.A) considerations C) configurations
B) consequences D) concerns
65.A) transmission C) transformation
B) emission D) admission
66.A) adopted C) created
B) dismissed D) ceased
67.A) concentration C) cooperation
B) collaboration D) combination
68.A) invent C) acknowledge
B) discovered D) sought
69.A) script C) scratch
B) subscription D) prescription
70.A) tougher C) happier
B) easier D) higher
71.A) decreased C) augmented
B) regressed D) diffused
72.A) challenge C) characteristic
B) highlight D) defiance
73.A) tolerable C) possible
B) probable D) available
74.A) submerging C) emerging
B) submitting D) emitting
75.A) movement C) march
B) protest D) battle
76.A) nevertheless C) or
B) and D) even
77.A) possessed C) posited
B) captured D) assisted
78.A) specially C) especially
B) specifically D) particularly
79.A) criticize C) celebrate
B) praise D) underestimate
80.A) excited C) frustrated
B) hilarious D) desperate
81.A) meaningful C) proficient
B) useless D) magnificent
Part VI Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.
1. He complained that hardly ___________________________________(他一到家她就抱怨起来).
2. It is suggested ____________________________________________(在做好所有准备之前这个项目是不会开始的).
3. the success of any large corporation _______________________________(取决于它的工作者的效率).
4. The grandeurof the grand Canyon _________________________________(吸引了来自世界各地的游客).
5. Jenifer had some jewelry _______________________________________(从她外婆那继承来的).
Part I Writing
From the table, we can see that in the past 4 years, the number of people studying abroad has increased considerably. Especially in the recent 2 years, the figure has been more than 130,000.
There are several reasons for the phenomenon. Firstly, with the development of economy, more and more people become better off. And their ability to finance their children’s studying abroad is growing. Secondly, the education quality of foreign developed countries, like the United States, British, and Australia, is thought to be better than that in China. In addition, students today are expected and encouraged to go outside to widen their horizonand to face the real world of globalization. In this way they hope to keep themselves informed of what is going on around the world.
There are, however, also people who think differently. Besides the pains in adapting to a unfamiliar environment, there is also the uncertaintyabout the reliability and advantages about foreign education, which may depend mainly on the students themselves.
From my point of view, as the changes reflected in the table, it can be predicted that the number of students studying abroad will boost. Its advantages far outweigh its disadvantages, and this trend will be irreversible.
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. A 6. A 7. A
8. social equality 9. completely sterile or homosexual individuals 10.secret
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
11. D 12. A 13. D 14. B 15. A 16. C 17. B 18. D 19. D 20. B
21. D 22. A 23. D 24. A 25. B 26. C 27. C 28. C 29. A 30. A
31. B 32. B 33. A 34. C 35. B
36. identified 37. attribute 38. bombards 39. multimillion-dollar
40. These images and these industries project the idea that being anything but slender is something to be feared and shunned
44. In fact, they limit their food intake to fulfill expectations of perfection from family and friends.
46. These chemical changes make anorexia as physically addictivefor the anorexic as alcohol for the alcoholic.
Part IV Reading Comprehension(reading in depth)
48. come up with something to do
49. learn and develop the actual ability to play
51. capable and interesting people
52.A 53.B 54.C 55.D 56.D 57.A 58.B 59.D 60.C 61.B
Part V Cloze
62.A 63.C 64.D 65.B 66.B 67.D 68.A 69.C 70.B 71.C
72.A 73.D 74.C 75.A 76.B 77.B 78.C 79.D 80.C 81.A
Part VI Translation
82. had he returned home when she started complaining
83. that the project (should) not be started until all the preparations have been made
84. depends on its workers’ efficiency
85. draws tourists from all over the world
86. which had been handed on from her grandmother
11. M: Let’s go to a movie after dinner.
W: That’s tempting. However, the tennis tournament is tomorrow and I need to get some practice tonight.
Q: What will the woman probably do this evening?
12. W: What’s the problem? Don’t you have your apartment key?
M: It’s a good thing I leave a spare with my neighbor. I am going to have to stop by and ask him for it, so I can get in and get my books.
Q: What will the man probably do next?
13. M: I have already taken one of those pills for my headache, but it’s still bothering me.
W: Well, why not take another? The recommended dose is one or two, depending on how bad it is.
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
14. W: I studied French in high school but I never learned it until I spent the summer in Paris.
M: Really using a language makes all the difference, doesn’t it?
Q: What does the man imply?
15. W: I don’t think I want to live in the dormitory next year. I need more privacy.
M: I know what you mean. But check out the cost of renting an apartment first. I wouldn’t be surprised if you changed your mind.
Q: What does the man think the woman will do?
16. W: Professor Clark, I was wondering if you would consider giving me an extensionon my paper. I just got back on campus yesterday from hospital.
M: Well, under the circumstances, I can’t see how I can deny your request.
Q: What does Professor Clark say he will do?
17. W: The drama club is holding auditions for their play, it’s a musical. What do you think?
M: To tell you the truth, I don’t really act or sing, but thanks for thinking of me.
Q: What does the man mean?
18.M: I know I ought to call home, but I’ve got a plane to catch and I’m already late.
W: Well, I know you have to hurry, but it’ll only take a minute.
Q: What does the woman suggest the man to do?
W: Just now I’ve covered all the details I can think of about tomorrow’s English speech contest. I am really looking forward to the best performance from each and every one of you. Oh, one last thing, if you have any question, please feel free to ask now. Or you can come to my office right after. John, do you have any question? You seem a little confused.
M: Yes, professor. I am thinking about strategies to cope with the impromptu speech part. In the real contest, do I have time to prepare for the topic?
W: Oh, if that’s what you are worrying about, don’t be then, because each contestant will be given 15 minutes to get prepared. Technically, it’s not impromptu. Well, the thing is---if you can win the contest and then you will have a chance to represent our university and advance to the next level, for example, the national semi-final. National competitions won’t give you any time to prepare. It’s all spontaneous. So the one we have tomorrow is comparatively easier.
M: Oh, 15 minutes, but the time doesn’t seem enough for me. Usually, it takes half an hour for me to come up with satisfactory speeches.
W: Yes, John, time can be a problem, not just for you but for everybody else. It’s fair competition, though.
M: So what do we do in the preparation time?
W: Well, I guess your strategy is to figure out your stance first and think of reasons and evidence to support your argument. Try to be substantial and convincing. Empty talk won’t do you any good. A large part of what judges look for is the content of your speech.
M: So I guess I am going to substantial then. Thank you for your advice, professor. See you tomorrow.
W: See you. Good luck!
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. Where does this talk most probably take place?
20. How much time does the man usually need to prepare for good speeches?
21. What is the major difference between competition campus-wide and nationwide?
22. What does the professor emphasize?
M: Hi, Serena. Why don't you sit down and watch this movie with me? It only started about 15 minutes ago.
W: Oh, Ok. I have always been a movie fan since I was young. What the movie is about?
M: Never can tell. Come on, sit down and watch!
W: But this movie looks scary! Why is that guy's complexion so pale? Why do his eyes look like they're about to pop out? And why is there so much blood everywhere?
M: I'm not exactly sure what's going on either. I think this group of friends decided to travel to the countryside during their spring break. They end up at this old farmhouse, and apparently there are these zombies that show up at nighttime. I guess it's just your typical horror movie plotline.
W: I hate scary movies! In fact, I hate all violent movies, and I especially hate "jump scenes," when something pops up on the screen suddenly or when there's a sudden loud noise. So basically, watching a horror movie is my worst nightmare.
M: To be honest, I don't like horror movies that much either, but sometimes they can be pretty thrilling. And it's fun to watch with a pretty girl, too, because then you can put your arm around her to comfort her when she gets scared.
W: I see what your plan is. Well, sorry to disappoint you, Den, but I think I'd better get going!
Questions 24 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. How long has the woman missed out the movie? D
24. What’s the man’s attitude toward scary movies? A
25. What is not mentioned in the conversation? B
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point on the entire African continent. Located in the Northeast in Tanzania in east Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is about equal distant from Cairo to the north and Cape Town to the south around 220 miles south of the equator. The majestic snow-cap peaks of Kilimanjaro have long captured the world's imagination. Thousands have traveled in Tanzania to climb the mountain, for the view of its famous glacier-covered peak. One such visitor, the American author Earnest Hemmingway even wrote a story about it. In the snows of Kilimanjaro, Hemmingway described the mountain's ice fields as great, high and unbelievable white in the sun. As spectacularly as it is to see the ice on top of Mount Kilimanjaro serves much more important purpose. Formed more than 11, 000 years ago, the glaciers are vital source of drinking and farming water for those who live in the surroundingareas. But for the last century the snows have been disappearing. Kilimanjaro’s glaciers have shrunk by more than 80% since 1912. There are several periods just as to why Mount KIlimanjaro's snow is disappearing so quickly. For one thing, the mountain is located in the tropical region. For this reason, its glaciers are especially vulnerable to climate changes. One type of climate changes is called globe warming which is caused in constant rise in the earth temperature. Another possible reason of glaciers melting is deforestation, which happens when trees are cut down in mass quantities. Trees keep the air cooler and add moister to the atmosphere which helps create clouds and precipitation. Experts predict the mountain's glaciers could disappear completely by the year 2020.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. Where is the highest point of the American continent?
27. What is the main attraction of Kilimanjaro?
28. Which statement is NOT true?
29. Which one does not account for the disappearing glacier at the peak?
Now hold the Grande Cappuccino, the coffee chain Starbucks has been forced to close its branch in Beijing's Forbidden City. The company said the decision to close had been congenial, but since the café opened 7 years ago, it's become the target of an increasingly widespread protest campaign, claiming it tramples over Chinese culture. However, Starbucks was here by invitation, the authorities who run the Forbidden City – Beijing's enormous 15th-century imperial palace complex, encouraged the small, almost invisible franchise of the global chain to open in 2000, a sign of a modern outward looking China as it prepared for the Olympics in 2008. But within weeks, the shop was the target of vehement opposition; a blight, it was said, on the Chinese cultural treasure and world heritage site. Tourists too, seemed to find it at best a curiosity. The campaign to remove the café took off earlier this year when a blog by influential Chinese newsreader Rui Chenggang in which he called on Starbucks to pull out was featured heavily in the media. Thousands supported his stands and museum managers eventually bowed to the pressure.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. When the company decided to close Starbucks in Forbidden City, how was the decision making? A
31. Which statement is NOT true? B
33. Why did Starbucks come into Forbidden City in the first place? B
Many college students find college courses not as interesting as they expect. Far too many courses rely principally or entirely on lectures, an arrangement much loved by faculty and administrators but scarcely designed to benefit the students. One problem with lectures is that listening intelligently is hard work. Reading the same material in a textbook is a more efficient way to learn because students can proceed as slowly as they need to until the subject matter becomes clear to them. Even simply paying attention is very difficult; people can listen at a rate of four hundred to six hundred words a minute, while the most impassionate professors talks at scarcely a third of that speed. The time lag between speech and comprehension leads to daydreaming. Many students believe years of watching television have sabotaged their attention span, but their real problem is that listening attentively is much harder than they think. Worse still, attending lectures is passivelearning, at least for inexperienced listeners. Active learning, in which students write essays or perform experiments and then have their work evaluated by an instructor, is far more beneficial for those who have not yet fully learned how to learn. While it’s true that techniques of active listening, such as trying to anticipate the speaker’s next point or taking notes selectively, can enhance the value of a lecture, few students possess such skills at the beginning of their college careers. More commonly, students try to write everything down and even bring tape recorders to class in a clumsy effort to capture every word.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. What is an example of passive learning?
34. Which influences student’s attention span?
35. Which of the following can be implied from the passage?
Scientists have identified three main causes of anorexia. Experts attribute the rise in cases of anorexia to the pressure in our society to be thin. The media constantly bombards us with images of thin people as ideals. Fat-free products and diet aids have become multimillion-dollar industries. These images and these industries project the idea that being anything but slender is something to be feared and shunned.
The second major factor in causing anorexia is the personality of the victim. Many of them are overachievers or perfectionists. They excel in school and a variety of extracurricular activities. Anorexics see being thin as a way to please others. In fact, they limit their food intake to fulfill expectationsof perfection from family and friends.
Thirdly, when anorexics don’t eat, they experience a rise in their level of opiates, natural brain chemicals that produce a sense of happiness. When anorexics do eat, their bodies produce higher than normal levels of a certain brain chemical that causes a sense of anxiety. These chemical changes make anorexia as physically addictive for the anorexic as alcohol for the alcoholic.