当前位置:首页 > 外语考试 > 英语等级 > 英语写作 >


发布时间:2008-11-19 21:24:49


  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic College Students’ Job Hunting. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

  1. 近几年出现了大学生就业难的现象

  2. 产生这种现象的原因(如大学生追求的目标过高,专业不对口等)

  3. 如何解决这一问题(改变就业观念,大学生再培训等)

  College Students’ Job Hunting

  In recent years, college students find it increasingly difficult to get a job. It sounds strange since young college students are usually intelligent, well-educated phenomenon, aspirant and eager to bring their talent into full play. Then what underlies the strange phenomenon?

  There are several reasons for this. To begin with, nowadays college students aim too high. All they want are “good” jobs which could offer good salary, comfortable working conditions, high social status among others. Consequently, most college students are unwilling to accept vacant jobs they consider not “good” enough. Another reason is that there is a big gap between the majors some students study in school and the demands of vacant jobs. So companies think some students are not fit for the jobs.

  Solution to the problem requires efforts on both the society and the students. The companies should value the students, talent and knowledge while the latter should not merely aim at material gains. They should be down-to–earth in building up their career. Furthermore, they should face their weak points so as to improve themselves and be more competent.


  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of traffic jam. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.




  Traffic Jam

  There is no doubt that traffic congestion becomes a growing worry for the residents of most urban areas. Some major roads are regularly choked with traffic in rush hours. The limited transport capacity contributes largely to the vexing problem. How to solve the headache?.

  The existing solutions to traffic jam mainly aim at creating metro bus systems and broadening major roads. Widening the existing roads can solve traffic snarls on some level. Soaring car ownership compounds the chronic annoying problem, so we must sharply reduce the heavy reliance on cars and drive a shift to the mass transportation. It is a cheap and good way. We can create a system of customized bus routes and highlight the development of subways, trolleys and light rail. The effective combination of these solutions will enable the urban areas to possess a smooth traffic.

  点评:交通话题一直是四级作文命题话题之一。1990年6月考查过How to solve the problem of Heavy Traffic,1994年1月考题 The World Is Getting Smaller and Smaller也与交通有关,近年来,随着私家车的日益增多,城市交通拥堵凸显,出行难越来越成为人们关注的焦点。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Environmental Protection. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

  1. 全球变暖对地球环境造成了很大影响

  2. 引起全球变暖的原因

  3. 我们需要采取的措施

  Environmental Protection

  No one,regardless of race, religion or nationality, can deny that the world we live in is becoming increasingly intolerable because of the effects of global warming. According to many experts, even greater impacts are still on the way.

  There are numerous causes for this problem. On one hand, human-related emissions of carbon into the atmosphere is causing, and will in the future cause, significant global warming according to the theory. On the other hand, the lack of knowledge about the importance of protecting environment hinders the solving of the problem.

  It is urgent that immediate and effective actions should be taken right away. First, more trees need to be planted to help improve and beautify the environment. Besides, stricter laws concerning global warming and irresponsible use of fuel resources have to be put into effect and achieved good results. In a word, there is a long way to go before we can take a comfortable world for granted again .

  点评:环境问题也是四级作文命题重点话题之一。大学英语四级考试曾经考过Make our Cities Greener.近年来,全球气候异常,造成许多自然灾害的频繁,保护环境刻不容缓,已成为全社会乃至全人类共同关注的热点。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of

  Credit Cards. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 越来越多的人使用信用卡, 信用卡有哪些好处

  2. 信用卡的弊端

  3. 你自己的观点

  Credit Cards

  Personal credit cards are becoming more common in China. Banks and other financial institutions are encouraging their customers to change the way they buy things. Credit cards, otherwise known as “plastic money”, are being offered on very good terms to encourage the change. Consumers will be able to “buy now, pay later”, and many see this as an advantage.

  But people need to be careful. There are dangers associated with credit cards. Some people find it very easy to exceed their budget. They are tempted to purchase goods that they do not really need, and can become quickly overburdened by debt. The credit cards often charge a high rate of interest, which exacerbates the problems for these people.

  However, used wisely credit cards can improve the quality of people’s lives. They can give people access to money to meet sudden unplanned expenses. Properly handled, they can let people control their expenditure and the monthly statements provide a record of where their money has gone.

  点评:这是一篇议论文, 关于信用卡的利弊。可以分成三部分: 第一部分,信用卡的好处,比如说应急等;第二部分,信用卡的一些弊端,比如说鼓励一些无用的消费;第三部分:你自己的观点,理性使用。


  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Pet Raising . You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 有些人喜欢养动物作为宠物。

  2. 有些人反对圈养动物作为宠物。

  3. 你的观点。

  Pet Raising

  Nowadays, with the improvement of the people’s living standard, some people form a habit of raising small or domestic animals as pets. Some raise small dogs or cats as their pets while others raise various birds or fishes as their pets.

  However, some people object to the idea of raising animals as pets. To them, animals have their own right to live a natural life like human beings. On the other hand, the way people raise animals as pets have a negative influence on the surroundings ,for example, dogs’ chasing people on the street and so on. What’s more, some animals will transmit some diseases.

  In my opinion, I do not like the idea to raise animals at pets. We should not deprive them of their natural right. In this way, we will live in a peaceful world in harmony with the other living creatures.

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How People Spend Their Holidays. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the table and the outline given below:









Staying at home




  1、 根据上表,简要描述1990年、1995年、2000年某城市人们度假方式的情况及其变化;

  2、 请说明发生这些变化的原因;

  3、 得出结论。

  How People Spend Their Holidays

  As is clearly shown in the table that there was a dramatic change in the way people spent their holidays between 1990 and 2000. Especially, in 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure decreased considerably to 24% in 2000. there are three reasons for this phenomenon.

  To begin with, with the development of market-oriented economy, people earn by far more money than they used to, making it possible for them to afford traveling expenses. In addition, people realize the importance of getting well-informed about the outside world in this modern era to develop their potential. For example, a traveller may encounter or talk with someone of a different cultural background so as to broaden his vision. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind. In short, more and more people take the occasion of holiday to travel outside and relax themselves.

  As far as I am concerned, I prefer to go traveling instead of staying at home during holidays. On the one hand, I love meeting different people and take in some fresh ideas. On the other hand, it is agreed that the world is becoming a global village. No one could confine himself within his small circle of families or relatives. In brief, I have benefited a lot and will benefit more from traveling during the holidays.


  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Social Practice.You should write at least120words following the outline below in Chinese.

  a) 社会实践的作用

  b) 可能产生的问题

  c) 提出建议

  Social Practice

  Social practice has been more and more popular in universities and colleges. Students are asked to enter society and get some idea of it. Surely social practice has many advantages. Firstly, social practice can offer students a chance to contact society and meet different kinds of people. In this way students can gain some valuable social experience, which will be useful to their future career. Secondly, students can apply what they have learned in class to practical work, thus knowing themselves more clearly. Thirdly, social practice can bring them some financial reward and make them more independent of their family.

  However, some problems may arise if no correct guidance is made. For example, some students get overly interested in social practice and want to work full-time and earn money, thus neglecting their studies. And some students are likely to get in touch with the dark side of society, which will affect their future studies.

  In order to carry out social practice smoothly, students should first know its objective. They should put their studies in the first place and see social practice just as a useful supplement, so they ought to try to strike a balance between social practice and their studies.



  1. 上图所示为我国吸毒者年龄分布情况,请描述其变化

  2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因

  3. 这一变化对社会和个人的影响

  As can be seen from the graph, there have been sharp changes in the age distribution of drug addicts. To be concrete, the teenage addicts only made up 10 percent of all the drugsters in 1982 while the ratio rose up to 65 in 2002.

  The causes for them are not hard to find. First , teenagers’ fearless curiosity about everything new has led some of them into this marsh. Second, many of the young addicts turned for the first time to drugs for escape either from their failure in the national entrance exams or from their parents’ breakup. And above all, our education in the harmfulness of drugs has been far from adequate to build teenagers’ sound resistance to drugs. To sum up, the causes mentioned above must call for more of our concern, and effective measures should be taken to check the trend.

  Obviously the drastic change will exert great impact on individuals and the whole society.

  For one thing, drug-taking does great damage to the health of drug users.. For another, some drug users commit robbery or even murder their parents and relatives to get money to buy drugs, which poses a great threat to the social security and the social stability. Therefore, it is high time we did something to put an end to this trend.


  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic : How to Keep Psychologically Healthy? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

  1. 心理健康问题往往是导致疾病的原因

  2. 分析人们产生心理健康问题的原因(可从失业、压力过重、缺乏支持、缺乏人际交往能力等方面分析)

  3. 你认为人们应如何保持心理健康

  How to Keep Psychologically Healthy?

  One in four people will experience some kind of mental problem in the course of a year. When you fail to manage these problems, they are likely to cause various mental illnesses.

  The cause of mental health problems often vary a lot from one case to another. In today’s society, a good number of people are suffering from heavy pressure. Others lack communication skills. In addition, a lot of people are ignorant of psychological knowledge about how to keep mentally fit.

  There are a lot of ways to curb mental health problems and keep psychologically healthy. Firstly, find the real cause of your mental health problem and see whether you can do something about it. Secondly, learn to relax yourself and take exercises to release the pressure. Lastly, you may find it helpful to talk to your partner or friend about your problem, or seek support and advice form a psychological consultant


  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composi-tion on the topic Aid Education in China.You should write at least 120 words f-ollowing the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 每年,高校许多大学生受到鼓舞去贫困地区支教。

  2. 支教活动的意义。

  3. 我的看法。

  Aid Education in China

  Each year, college students, encouraged to aid students in the poverty-stricken areas, volunteer themselves in poor villages for a year and try to improve education in poor areas.

  Aid-education has been beneficial in two aspects. On the one hand, college volunteers are really devoted to the cause. They have opened the eyes of students in underdeveloped regions to the outside world by bringing them new knowledge and thoughts. As a result, they are extremely well-received by the children there. On the other hand, college students have received a rigorous training by adapting to the harsh living conditions. They are enjoying the appreciation and no-distance friendship from the children. What’s more, they are greatly inspired by the moving and tireless spirit of the children.

  In my opinion, China’s educational development can’t be isolated from each individual and we college students should take the lead in response to the appeal for offering aid to children in